GOVERNMENTAL EFFORTS TO CONTROL POPULATION

The 1951 population census showed a crude birth rate of 49 per thousand. But the crude death rate was also very high. Accordingly, the rate of population growth was not very alarming. However, the first Five-Year Plans took a serious notice of the population growth. Therefore, at that time it was stressed to promote the concept of family planning through a private organization, the Family Planning Association of Pakistan, during the 2nd half of fifties.

Family planning activities were initiated by the government in the public sector during 1960-65, and a comprehensive “Population Planning Program” was formulated as an integral part of the overall development program during 1965-70. At that time, it was realized that the cost of averting a birth by a family planning program is much less than the cost of raising a child to an age at which it could become a productive factor. Again, for a better income distribution and improving the lot of the poor, the need for family planning is greater for a low income than for the higher income groups. The increase in size of the family of the poor persons will have the effect of decreasing the income share of each member, hence of consumption which is already at a low level. Therefore, there is a big need to give priority to family planning programs at government level. Moreover, the family planning programs should be directed more to the poor families habitual of producing more children than to the rich families having other recreational facilities and alternatives.

Accordingly, during the period of 3rd five-year plan Rs 284 million were allocated for family planning activities. The target stipulated was to bring down the crude birth rate from an estimated level of 50 per thousand to 40 per thousand. The administrative set-up of the program was based on a three tier semi-autonomous organization, with the Population Planning Council at the Federal Level and the Population Planning Boards and District Boards at the Provincial and District Levels. The program provided for the recruitment and training of paramedical personnel, field staff and the establishment of family planning clinics. The clients (the couples etc, whom family planning services were to be provided) were to be approached by Dias (indigenous mid – wives) for motivation and distribution of contraceptives at their doorsteps. The program did not prove to be very much successful in its demographic impact. As in 1965-66, Sterilization cases were 1644, which rose to 10296 in 1969-70. The cases of IUD insertion were 186996 in 1965-66 which increased to 342960 in 1969-70.

In the period of 1965-70, the gross root role was played by “Dais” to distribute family planning devices. “While” the clinical family planning services were distributed family planning devices. “While” the clinical family planning services were provided by the Leady-Health Visitors- the employees of Health Department.

In the next phase, I.e during 1970-75, the earlier administrative structure was retained and the concept of “Continuous Motivation System” (CMS) was introduced. This program had following salient features:

  • To create a general awareness regarding family planning. In this respect, general motivation will be created to adopt family planning devices. Accordingly, the married couples will be registered or couple approach will be followed.
  • The Dias will be replaced by the whole time matriculate male and female teams of ‘ Field Motivators’. They will distribute the conventional contraceptives or they will perform the function of delivery of materials.
  • The clinical facilities or delivery of services will also be provided by the family planning staff at the clinics etc.

In connections with this approach, following is the performance of family planning department. In 1970-71, the Sterilization cases were in number of 4767, which rose to 7740 in 1974-75. The cases of IUD insertion were 236552 in 1970-71, which fell to 137496 in 1974-75. The distribution of Oral Pills packets was 59544 packets in 1971-72 which rose to 2540688 in 1974-75. In 1971-72, 25.2 million conventional contraceptives were used, which went to 82.8 million in 1974-75.

“Because” of such family planning activities the birth rate which was 50 per thousand in 1965 decreased to 42 per thousand in 1975. However, the death rate which was 20 per thousand in 1965 also fell to 13 per thousand in 1975. As a result, the birth rate which was 3% per Annam in 1965 fell to 2.9% er Annam in 1975. Thus, it was found out that the achievements of the program in terms of the reduction of fertility rate remained insignificant. The Pakistan Fertility Survey 1975 revealed that 90% of the persons interviewed never used any contraceptive. While 10% reported to have used a method, of which 6% were using contraceptives.

The survey also showed that 90% who never used any contraceptive, 52% intended to use them in the future, while the remaining 38% had no intention of doing so. It showed a wide gap between the desire for and practice of family planning.

It was an objective of 4th plan (1970-75) to prevent 9.6 million births through family planning techniques. In 1976-77, the Sterilization cases were 14625, number of IUD cases were 168765, number of packets of Oral Pills were 4090195 and use of Contraceptives units was 94.5 million. In 1977, when Zia-ul-Haq took over as a ‘Martial-Law Administrator, most of the activities of the family planning were suspended. The couple to couple approach or the method of registering the married couples was abolished.

Despite such all measures, we feel that there are remote chances of success of family planning devices in Pakistan. It is confined to the educated class, top businessman and industrialists, government and private employees and limited urban population. The middle class population, whether living in cities or in villages; and whether they are men or women have also shown hatred for the programs of family planning. The religious class rather making ‘Ijtehad’ always accorded this program tantamount to anti- Islamic codes and philosophy. Both the literates and illiterates have been found having same views regarding population control. They are so determined and inflexible that every single legislative push to control populace through electronic media are bringing about vain. Something more is as yet required, I.e lack of education should be expelled; individuals should be persuaded with respect to the event of little family.Thus, the multilateral approach based upon the cooperation on the part of teachers whether of government whether of government institutions or of private institutions, government and NGOs
may be helpful in removing illiteracy and changing the defective existing social set-up which is big hindrance in the way of checking the high birth rates

3,219 thoughts on “GOVERNMENTAL EFFORTS TO CONTROL POPULATION

  1. June 22, 2017 at 4:36 am

    wh0cd792714 [url=http://antabuse.info/]Antabuse[/url] [url=http://buybupropion.us.org/]BUPROPION[/url]

  2. June 22, 2017 at 6:07 am

    c buy generic cialis been
    [url=http://cialisrk.com]online cialis[/url]
    buy generic cialis

  3. June 28, 2017 at 1:21 am

    You made some really good points there. I checked on the
    internet for additional information about the issue and found most individuals
    will go along with your views on this web site.

  4. June 28, 2017 at 1:21 am

    I am extremely inspired with your writing skills as smartly as
    with the structure in your weblog. Is that this a paid
    subject matter or did you modify it your self? Either way stay up the excellent high quality
    writing, it is rare to see a nice weblog like this one nowadays..

  5. June 28, 2017 at 1:30 am

    Hi there colleagues, its fantastic piece of writing on the topic of cultureand fully defined, keep it up
    all the time.

  6. June 28, 2017 at 2:53 pm

    Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it.
    Look advanced to more added agreeable from you! By the way, how can we communicate?

  7. June 28, 2017 at 2:54 pm

    Your style is so unique in comparison to other folks I have read stuff from.
    Thank you for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I will just book
    mark this site.

  8. June 28, 2017 at 3:09 pm

    great issues altogether, you simply received a brand new reader.
    What may you recommend in regards to your submit that
    you simply made a few days ago? Any positive?

  9. July 2, 2017 at 3:30 am

    It’s great that you are getting thoughts from this piece of
    writing as well as from our argument made at this time.

  10. July 6, 2017 at 1:23 am

    Online Drugstores
    [url=http://pharmacymmm.com/]canadian pharmacies[/url]
    online pharmacy reviews
    canadian pharmacy online
    CVS Pharmacy

  11. July 6, 2017 at 9:59 am

    online pharmacy without scripts
    [url=http://pharmacymmm.com/]Top 10 Mail Order Pharmacies[/url]
    canada pharmacy online
    Top Rated Online Canadian Pharmacies
    CVS Pharmacy

  12. July 6, 2017 at 1:02 pm

    List of Safe Online Pharmacies
    [url=http://pharmacymmm.com/]Canada Pharmacy[/url]
    canadian pharmacy
    Canadian Pharmacy
    Best Online International Pharmacies

  13. July 8, 2017 at 1:31 am

    online pharmacies that do not require a prescription
    [url=http://rxmmmonline.com/]Canadian Pharmacies[/url]
    Canadian Pharmacy
    Pharmacy Online
    Best Online International Pharmacies

  14. July 8, 2017 at 5:10 pm

    buy viagra vietnam
    viagra online
    viagra ice cream go sale selfridges
    [url=http://viagrajoma.com/]generic order viagra[/url]
    viagra cheap online

  15. July 8, 2017 at 7:17 pm

    slots & multiplay video poker
    online casino real money
    online casinos ranked
    [url=http://online-casino.party/#]casino[/url]
    eurogrand casino software download

  16. July 9, 2017 at 2:41 am

    baccarat pc game
    casino games
    best casino gambling gambling casino online
    [url=http://online-casino.party/#]online casinos for us players[/url]
    online casino canada with paypal

  17. July 9, 2017 at 3:06 pm

    viagra buy pharmacy
    generic viagra coupon
    buy viagra australia online no prescription
    [url=http://viagrajoma.com/]generic viagra[/url]
    real viagra sale online

  18. July 9, 2017 at 3:56 pm

    order cialis no prescription canada
    cialis buy
    rx party net pill cialis
    [url=http://cialisolp.com/]cialis cost[/url]
    cheap cialis with no prescription

  19. July 9, 2017 at 7:40 pm

    easy same day loans
    payday advance
    ways to borrow money
    [url=http://payday100loans1000advance.com/]cash advance[/url]
    payday express

  20. July 10, 2017 at 9:20 am

    cialis cheap canada
    tadalafil
    buy real cialis cheap
    [url=http://cialisolp.com/]cialis[/url]
    generic cialis pills e20

  21. July 10, 2017 at 9:39 am

    payday loan las vegas
    online personal loans
    personal loan for 10000 salary
    [url=http://payday100loans1000advance.com/]bad credit payday loans[/url]
    quick loans no fees

  22. July 13, 2017 at 3:48 am

    I will right away snatch your rss as I can not find your email subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Please permit me realize so that I may subscribe. Thanks.

  23. July 13, 2017 at 3:48 am

    I feel this is one of the such a lot vital information for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But want to statement on some general issues, The web site style is ideal, the articles is really nice : D. Just right task, cheers

  24. July 13, 2017 at 8:57 am

    I found your weblog website on google and examine just a few of your early posts. Continue to keep up the very good operate. I simply additional up your RSS feed to my MSN Information Reader. Looking for ahead to studying more from you afterward!…

  25. July 14, 2017 at 6:52 am

    Excellent way of describing, and pleasant piece of writing to get data on the topic of my presentation subject, which i am going to present in college.

  26. July 14, 2017 at 6:53 am

    Hi there to every one, the contents existing at this site are actually awesome for people knowledge, well, keep up the good work fellows.

  27. July 14, 2017 at 6:53 am

    I constantly spent my half an hour to read this web site’s posts everyday along with a cup of coffee.

  28. July 14, 2017 at 6:54 am

    Excellent blog here! Also your website loads up fast! What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  29. July 14, 2017 at 7:23 pm

    I’d exclusively often recommend this type of human hair weave . They will be hot coupled with are very effective !

  30. July 15, 2017 at 3:22 pm

    I enjoy what you guys are usually up too. This type of clever work and coverage! Keep up the superb works guys I’ve added you guys to our blogroll.

  31. July 15, 2017 at 3:23 pm

    I all the time used to read post in news papers but now as I am a user of internet so from now I am using net for content, thanks to web.

  32. July 15, 2017 at 3:23 pm

    What’s up to all, how is all, I think every one is getting more from this site, and your views are good designed for new people.

  33. July 15, 2017 at 5:56 pm

    I was discussing with a good friend of mine around this article and also about funny birthday messages too. I think you made a lot of great points here, we’re also excited to find out more material from you.

  34. July 17, 2017 at 4:17 pm

    Excellent post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed! Very helpful info specifically the last part 🙂 I care for such information a lot. I was seeking this certain info for a very long time. Thank you and best of luck.|

  35. July 17, 2017 at 4:17 pm

    Hi everyone, it’s my first visit at this site, and article is in fact fruitful in support of me, keep up posting such articles.

  36. July 17, 2017 at 4:18 pm

    An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a colleague who was conducting a little research on this. And he in fact ordered me dinner because I discovered it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending the time to talk about this topic here on your internet site.

  37. July 17, 2017 at 4:18 pm

    Hello, I enjoy reading through your post. I like to write a little comment to support you.

  38. July 19, 2017 at 7:21 am

    Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed! Extremely helpful information particularly the last part 🙂 I care for such information a lot. I was looking for this particular information for a very long time. Thank you and good luck.

  39. Eli
    July 20, 2017 at 1:10 pm

    Today, while I was at work, my cousin stole my iPad and tested to see if it can survive a thirty foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now destroyed and she has 83 views. I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  40. July 25, 2017 at 12:59 am

    Life is an important thing right now, because if there is no life then what will we do ?. Then appreciate your life and others helping each other that’s the key to life.

  41. July 25, 2017 at 7:43 pm

    very nice put up, i certainly love this website, carry on it

  42. July 26, 2017 at 5:08 pm

    Desert safari offers like to be on the high end of life, Desert Safari Dubai is the activity to indulge yourself in. Located amidst vast dunes and deserts, Desert Safari offers in Dubai offers all the thrill seekers a worthy return of each dime spent. Just when you think you feel like escaping city’s soaring skyscrapers, you don’t have to tread far to get all the adventure that awaits you during trip

  43. July 27, 2017 at 1:28 am

    This is my first time using social media because so long I’ve never played social media again, for personal reasons.

  44. July 29, 2017 at 6:43 am

    Greetings from Los angeles! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided to browse your blog on my iphone during lunch break. I enjoy the info you present here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m shocked at how quick your blog loaded on my mobile .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, very good blog!

  45. July 30, 2017 at 3:34 pm

    Make the most of your time in Dubai. Enjoy the adrenaline pumping adventure of a Dubai desert safari at Happy Adventures Tourism LLC. Visit our website to find out more.

  46. August 1, 2017 at 11:24 am

    hi your article is wonderful .Here is the article related to condomns

  47. August 1, 2017 at 1:56 pm

    Great information. Lucky me I discovered your site by chance (stumbleupon). I have saved as a favorite for later!
    nba 2k18 mt

  48. August 1, 2017 at 1:57 pm

    bookmarked!!, I love your web site!
    nba 2k18 coins