TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATION SECTORS
The means of transportation consist of transport system I.e., the roads, and the rail and the means of transportation like buses, trucks, rails, air transportation, ports and shipping. While communication network includes the postal services, telecommunications network and broadcasting system. We will discuss the importance of transport and communication their problems and development. Afterwards, we will analyze the development of postal services, telecommunication, telecasting and broad-casting.
IMPORTANCE OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION
1.The proper and efficient system of transportation and communication becomes helpful for, industrialization. As it requires the necessary inputs whether to be transported from fields, from factories or from ports the vehicles, the trucks, roads, rails and air crafts etc, are required. It means that the rapid industrialization depends upon effective and efficient system of transportation and communication. Again for the sake of imports of machinery and raw material the air crafts and ships will be required.
2.The communication and transportation net-work becomes responsible for extending the market had there been not the ships, roads, rails and ports, our surplus cotton and japan’s surplus automobiles would not have been sold in the world markets. Moreover, the telephones, fax system and other systems of telecommunication expedite the process of sale and purchase. Whenever, consequent upon means transportation and communication, the markets are extended the large scale production becomes possible, the economies of scale are reaped and forward and backward linkage effects emerge.
3.The transport and communication system permits the efficient use of natural resources like oil, gas, iron and other minerals. In most of the countries, the oil and gas fields, the coal, iron and salts etc. Mines are located far away from industrial and urban localities. Therefore, the oil has to be transported to refineries, the coal has to be sent to the factories or where it is used; and the salt etc has to be transported to the salt markets. For such all activities the transport and communication system will be required.
4.The transport system provides labor to the industry, as all the labor are not become available from the localities around. Therefore, the mobility of labor becomes possible through means of transportation. It is the communication system which may be helpful for the labor in knowing the job opportunities while transport system actually makes them mobile. Had there been not a railway system in our country, there would not have been the mobility of labor from Peshawar to Karachi. The existence of transportation facilities have always urged the rural labor to move to urban centers. As a result, they are able to find good jobs, their incomes are raised and; they enjoy better standard of life. More ever, the transportation facilities also reduce the wages differentials in between cities.
5.The transport and communication facilities result in creating stability in prices of commodities. The lack of such facilities may create shortages in certain markets as well as surpluses in certain other markets. Thus, because of roads and railways the shortages as well as surpluses can be put off. Had we been not processing railway system, the price of petroleum would be high in northern areas and lower in Karachi. Accordingly, the price stability can be attained with help of roads, vehicles, rails, telephones and other systems of telecommunications.
6.The transport and communication system not only promotes the activities of agriculture and industrial sector, but it also becomes responsible for providing employment to bulk of the people. As in our country, many people have got the jobs in the fields of roads, rails, ships, air services, radio, television, telephone and telegraph etc.
7.The means of transportation and communication become responsible for creating, extending and promoting domestic trade. The transportation and cargo facilities make it convenient to transport the goods to the areas which are far away from the markets. The roads, rail tracks, the rail coaches, the trucks and the carts provide the provision of shifting the grains, food-stuffs, poultry, woods, milk and cattle etc from the villages to the markets and from the market to other parts of the country.
8.The means of transportation and communication have put to an end the narrow contained and self-sufficient lives if countries. This has led to the growth of specialization and division of labor at the world level. Accordingly, each country follows that line of production where it enjoys the absolute or comparative advantage. In this way, the costs will fall and the goods produced at reduced costs could be transported to other parts of the country in the presence of transportation and communication facilities.
9.The means of transportation can make it possible for the students to get higher education both with in the country and from out of the country. Again, the radio and television channels can be used to enhance educational facilities in the country.it means that through radio and TV the formal and informal education can be made available to the education seekers.
10.The fast and improved transport and communication system facilities in respect of maintaining the law and order in a country. Through roads and other transport provisions the police force can be transported to the place where some mishap has occurred or some unrest has emerged.
11.A well coordinated and integrated system of roads, rails, water ways and airways would provide the capability to protect the national borders against the invasion of enemies. The national integrity would provide the foundations to foster the pro-developmental activities.