THE NUTRIENTS IN FOOD
Nutrients are the parts of food that are important for life and health. Nutrients are important for three reasons. First, some nutrients provide fuel for energy. Second some nutrients build and repair body tissues. Third, some important nutrients help control different processes of the body like the absorption of minerals and the clotting of blood. Scientists think there are 40 to 50 nutrients. These supplements are separated into five general gatherings: sugars, fats, proteins, minerals, and vitamins.
The first group of nutrients is carbohydrates. There are two kinds of carbohydrates: starches and sugars. Bread, potatoes, and rice are starches.
They have many carbohydrates. Candy, soft drinks, jelly, and other foods with sugar also have carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are important because they provide the body with heat and energy. Sugar, for instance, is 100 percent energy. It has no other food value. Sugar does not construct body tissues or control body forms. On the off chance that there are an excessive number of starches in the body, they are put away as muscle to fat quotients. The body stores fuel as fat.
There are two types of fats: animal and vegetable. Butter, cream, and the fat in sheep are animal fats. Olive oil, corn oil, and peanut oil are vegetable fats. The body has fat under the skin and around some organs inside. The average adult has 10 to 11 kilograms ( 20 to 25 pounds ) of body fat. On the off chance that grown-ups eat an excessive number of sugars and fats, they can include another 45 kilograms ( 100 pounds ) to their bodies. Fat is additional fuel. At the point when the body needs vitality, it changes fats into sugars. The carbohydrates are used for energy. Fat also keeps the body warm.
The third group of nutrients is proteins. The word “proteins” comes from a Greek word that means of first importance. Proteins are of first importance because they are necessary for life. Proteins are made of amino acids, which build and repair body tissue. They are an important part of all the muscles, organ , skin, and hair. The body has 22 different amino acids. Nutritionist calls eight of these amino acids fundamental on the grounds that the body does not produce them.
There are two sorts of proteins: finish proteins and deficient proteins.
Finish proteins, which and fragmented proteins. Finish proteins, which the body requirements for development, have all the basic amino acids. Meat, angle, eggs, drain, and cheddar have finish proteins. The body needs entire proteins regular.
Extra protein in the body can be changed to fat and stored as body fat. It can also be changed to carbohydrates and used for energy. If people do not eat enough carbohydrates and fats for the energy that they need, their body uses proteins for energy. That point the body does not have the proteins that it needs to construct and repair tissues. A nutritious eating regimen incorporates starches and fats for vitality, and proteins for development.
Nutritionist think there are thirteen vitamins that human need. Vitamin is important because they prevent diseases and help control body processes. Vitamin-An is critical for solid skin and eyes. Individuals who don’t have enough vitamin-A may have night visual deficiency. Some car crashes occur at night since individuals who need vitamin-A don’t see the street well after they take a gander at the brilliant headlights of an auto. Vitamin An in the eating regimen originates from profound yellow foods grown from the ground, dull green verdant vegetables, and entire drain.
There is no more one food that is essential, but nutrients that are necessary for good health. If people want to be healthy and active, they need to get all the essential nutrients. A healthy and active, they need to get all the essential nutrients. A solid body needs sugars, fats, proteins, minerals, and vitamins.